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How to Become a Professional Front-End Developer In 2022

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Front-end development is one of the most in-demand positions in the tech industry. If you’re looking to become a front-end developer in 2022, you’re in luck. This guide will teach you everything you need to know about the career, including the skills you need to learn, the best ways to improve your portfolio, and interviewing tips. So whether you’re a complete beginner or you have some experience in coding, read on for the ultimate guide on how to become a front-end developer job in 2022.



Who is a front-end developer?

A front-end developer is responsible for a website or app's look, feel, and interactivity. They take designs and turn them into a functional reality, working with designers and back-end developers to create a cohesive experience. From picking the perfect fonts to ensuring that pages load quickly, front-end developers are key to making sure that a website is user-friendly and easy on the eyes.



Read:- What is web development? Everything you need to know.



Front-End Development Basics

I’m going to start this off by giving a bit of an overview of the front-end developer role, and some basic responsibilities/skills.


1. Understand the basic concepts of programming

Programming may seem like a difficult field, but it doesn't have to be. There are certain concepts that you will encounter in any language that you might want to learn. These include things like data types, loops, conditionals, and functions. You don't need to know them all at once and it's ok if you don't get them immediately. But they are concepts you should familiarize yourself with before diving into your next programming project.


Things to Know

  • Data types: string, int, double, char, etc.

  • Variables

  • Functions/methods and passing arguments

  • For loops

  • If-else statements

  • Arrays and how to loop over their contents

  • Key-value pairs and how to loop over their contents



2. Learn basic HTML and CSS

HTML, or Hypertext markup language, is the first of the two most widely used languages for creating websites. The second language is CSS, or Cascading style sheets, which are what are responsible for the color, dimensions, spacing, and background of your website. HTML is used to structure all that information in an easy-to-read way–much like it sounds–and CSS is used to make it visually pleasing.


Things to Know: HTML


  • General HTML structure of a webpage 

  • The Document Object Model

  • How to make links, lists, etc. It doesn't need to be memorized, but you should be able to use different tags when you need them from a reference.

  • How to structure the content of a website with divs 

  • Semantic markup - when to use different headers and tags

  • How to embed a .css file into a page

  • How to structure markup that supports accessibility compliance, like for users with screen readers.


Things to Know: CSS


  • How to target different elements on a page, at different depths 

  • Displaying elements - block, inline-block, and inline

  • Style attributes that can be set for colors, fonts, borders, etc.

  • Positioning and floating elements

  • The box model, margin/padding, and what box-sizing: border-box doe


3. Learn jQuery

JQuery is an immensely popular JavaScript utility library created by John Resig. Chances are the majority of the websites you have visited in the past couple of years are using it. It's incredibly powerful, compatible with all major browsers, and has a great team of engineers constantly making sure things run smoothly. 


It can be used to manipulate DOM elements, make AJAX requests, handle events internally, and many other tasks related to your website development. It's no wonder the jQuery team won a Webby! If you are a FE developer then you will likely work with jQuery.


Things to Know


  • How to select classes and ids

  • Familiarity with api.jquery.com and how to look up different functions

  • How to use the various effects

  • Chaining commands

  • How to respond to and trigger events

  • What does it mean for something to be asynchronous?



4. Learn vanilla JavaScript

JavaScript makes websites more interactive and responsive, providing a rich user experience (UX) that defines front-end development. Java is a programming language more frequently used by back-end developers for tasks like showing search results, communicating with databases, or making decisions based on application input.


Things to Know

  • What do you mean by "everything is an object?"

  • What is a callback and why is it important?

  • Global scope, function scopes, what is the global namespace and why can it be bad?

  • Namespacing your code and why

  • Closures

  • Prototypal inheritance



How to Become a Front End Developer?


Aside from having knowledge of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript the other requirements to become a front-end developer are:


Learn CSS, JavaScript and HTML

The first thing to do is decide which coding language you want to learn. The big three are HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. All of these languages are used for web and app development, so you will eventually need to learn them all but for now, choose one that interests you the most. 


Start learning that language through online tutorials and resources. After you’re educated in a basic way about either CSS, HTML, or JavaScript, move on to familiarizing yourself with frameworks like jQuery if you’re interested in mobile development.


Get Informed

Getting informed is all about finding out what things are and why they're like that. When you do this, you'll better understand how to solve problems throughout the development process. It's worth it to read articles and books on front-end development. These resources can explain concepts in an easy-to-understand way. Plus, there are tons of videos on YouTube that can give you a more visual explanation of things.


Practice

Practice makes perfect, or at least better. The more you do something the easier it becomes. It's a common saying, but in design, practice is one of the most important things you can do to improve your design and make it unique.


Learn the Command Line

Trying to learn the command line on your own can be difficult if you don't know where to start. Learning the command line is crucial when you are trying to set up a server for your web designs. The shell is what allows operating system functions to be accessed via a text interface and makes it easier for you to navigate the file structure of your computer.


Learn Version Control

Version control is a vital skill for any developer, as even fully tested and working code can be broken by the smallest of changes. One of the most popular systems is Git, an open-source community that has designed a distributed version control system and provides access to its source code.


Enhance Your Skills

If you're interested in learning and getting better at front-end development, check out some free resources. Resources such as freeCodeCamp, Codecademy, Bootstrap, Vue.js, CSS Layout, and Front-end Checklist are easily accessible online and can be a much-needed boost to your front-end development education.


Take a Course

Learning a new web development language, or taking an entire course can be an exciting experience. Not only will you learn the language, but it’ll make you more in tune with your surroundings, and you will have something to talk about at parties! In this article, we’ll show you some options to check out: both real-life, seminar-type classes, as well as online courses.


Get an Internship

Learn the skills to become a junior front-end developer at work. Of course, you should have some basics of HTML and CSS under your belt already. You also need to grasp Bootstrap, JavaScript, and semantic HTML. That’s what you’ll be learning if you get an internship at one of the top websites in your niche.



Front End Developer Job Description


A front-end developer is a person who creates visually appealing and interactive websites using technical skills such as CSS coding. The developer will also work with back-end developers to build complex software programs that help improve the site. A front-end web developer will also identify and address accessibility issues on a website for users with disabilities.


Front End Developer Job Requirements

A career path for front-end development can be tricky, But you have to know SEO techniques, CSS code, HTML, JavaScript, and jQuery just to create an impressive layout for today’s websites. If you want to become a front-end developer, also know the basics of responsive design.


Know SEO basics: Search Engine Optimization (SEO) is an important part of making sites and apps built by front-end developers visible to a large number of users through search engines. 


Be familiar with CSS, HTML, and JavaScript: These coding skills allow experts to create interactive designs and generate websites and mobile apps on the fly.


Learn jQuery: jQuery is a code library in JavaScript that allows you to easily manage and find features in webpages. 


Be able to create the responsive design: Front-end developers must know responsive design techniques to identify how to modify their content for mobile devices and various screen sizes.


Front End Developer Degrees

A Bachelor’s degree in Computer Programming is a great option for anyone serious about launching their career as a Front-End Developer. While 4-year degrees are expensive and time-consuming, they offer the best path to reaching your goal. The method for learning and practicing will vary depending on which one you choose.



The Most Important Front End Developer Certifications

One of the most important choices you will make as a front-end developer is which certifications to pursue. Online resources provide certificate courses for front-end development, and these courses cover more than just the building blocks of front-end development



Front End Developer Interview Questions


  • How do you ensure that your website design or web application is accessible and user-friendly?


  • What resources do you use to learn about the latest in front-end development and design?


  • What are the steps you take to start optimizing a webpage for mobile compatibility?


  • Do you have experience using the box model to enhance page layout on various browsers?


  • How do you solve incompatibility in browser-specific style?


  • What’s the difference between cookies, local storage, and session storage?



How do I get a job as a front-end developer?


As a front-end web developer, your primary task is to improve the experience of users on websites by designing pages (HTML), making interfaces easier to use (CSS), and updating or removing elements (JavaScript). Here are a few tips:


1. Get started with some basic coding tutorials.

2. Build a portfolio of your work.

3. network with other developers and get connected with potential employers.

4. Attend tech events and meetups in your area.

5. stay up-to-date on the latest trends and technologies in front-end development.



Types of Front End Developer Careers


If you're looking to learn web development, becoming a front-end developer is a great option. Two types of careers can give you the skills and background you'll need to begin and continue your career in web development - full-stack developers and mobile developers. This guide will help you get started in the field.


Full-Stack Developer 

The Full-Stack Developer will have experience in both back-end and front-end development. This developer will be comfortable in hands-on coding and working closely with designers, content editors, and project managers.


Mobile Developer

Mobile developers are creators of apps, software, and games for mobile devices, such as smartphones and tablets. They build functional, end-to-end applications that can be accessed on mobile devices. Mobile app developers specialize in different companies' mobile operating systems, such as Apple iOS or Google Android.


Backend Developer 

Backend development is the process of developing computer programs that run server-side. A back-end developer writes software such as APIs and Python. In general, back-end developers must learn Python and other programming languages to accomplish these tasks. Although it is different from frontend development, many skills overlap.



8 Tips to Get a Front-End Developer Job


1. Develop your skills

Learn the most valuable Front-End web developer skills and HTML5 CSS3 javascript Jquery tools required to build beautiful, responsive websites that work flawlessly on any device.


2. Build your portfolio website

A portfolio website is a great way to display your best works, showcase who you are as a professional, and determine whether you’re a good fit for the role that they are searching for.


3. Project Ideas to level up your skills

Here is a list of project ideas for freshers as well as experienced front-end development.


  • For freshers- Build a website for your local sporting club

  • Using React, build a movie search app

  • With the use of Vue, build a chat app

  • With angular, try to build a weather app

  • Using Svelte, build a to-do app


4. Research the company

As a part of our job recruitment process, we want to ensure that you are well informed about the company you are interviewing for. Our research team has done an extensive study on the company and we could answer most of your questions about it. It will greatly improve your interview!


5. Join a reputed Front-End Developer Training Institute

You can find a lot of Front-End developer courses in the market. But don’t be fooled by their varieties. Best Front-End developer courses will have good practice sessions and they should be according to your time zone. And if you join a well-known institute, they will provide placement assistance after they realize your competence as a web developer.


6. Read a lot of Front-End development magazines

Do you know? Reading several Front-End development magazines and following industry news will help you stay in the current trend of web design. Read a lot of Front-End development magazines.


7. Keep Resume simple and perfect

Keep your resume simple and perfect. Resume is a simple & easy to use tool that allows you to write a professional and beautiful-looking Resume or CV within a few minutes. 


You can further save your time by automating the process of sending your resume as an email attachment on WRITER, EMAIL, and MOBILE platforms. Just be prepared to explain why you are worth hiring!


8. Learn your tools

Learn to use the different tools that an employer needs so that you're able to be more efficient and effective in what you do.


Conclusion:

So you want to be a front-end developer? It's a great career choice, as front-end developers are in high demand, and the pay is good. But how do you become a front-end developer? In this guide, we'll walk you through everything you need to know, from what skills you need to what jobs are out there. We'll also give you tips on getting a job as a front-end developer so that you can start your new career as soon as possible.


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